Renewable energy soucers

Production of electricity from renewable sources

Renewable Energy Sources (RES) play a key role in activating a systemic approach to de-carbonization in the port area.

Port areas are characterized by diversified energy requirements and can therefore be defined as true energy districts located within a limited area and are well suited to the use of innovative technology solutions aimed at reducing energy consumption and demand Energy of the infrastructure involved, local energy generation, and the use of RES through advanced plant design.

Expertise

The production of electricity from non-fossil fuels is one of the main research lines within CNR ITAE. The themes range from renewable energy sources (solar, wind) to fuel cells of different types (PEFC, SOFC, DAFC). These technologies, though sometimes reaching commercial maturity, still leave room for important research and scientific research. The institute is equipped with 19 fully equipped laboratories for the preparation and characterization of materials and components of energy systems and for the realization and testing of devices and prototypes.

Activities

The holistic approach of the project is aimed at identifying active and passive energy solutions that can create the right compromise between the needs of the analyzed system, integration with RES and emerging energy technologies.

The goal is to activate research lines, technology transfer activities, and development pathways along the energy independence directorate of small communities / districts. In a broader sense, such an approach is capable of delivering optimal energy results with significant advantages over the traditional, in terms of:

  • Noise and environmental pollution considerably lower than that generated by small power plants
  • Yields not penalized by partialization: the “exercise” load can also be reduced by 50-80% during periods of low energy demand compared to the “peak” periods for which the generation plant
  • Independence from fossil sources, which are not always available in the territory, which inevitably entail a high energy dependence
  • Opportunities to significantly reduce pollution from “fossil” propulsion systems: in the medium to long term, synthetic fuels and RES used for hydrogen production can replace, at least in part, traditional fuels
  • The possibility of drastically reducing energy demand and hence the environmental impact of port infrastructures, dramatically improving the indoor thermal-hygrometer wellness performance with positive social impact and the quality of occupation of workers in the Port areas
  • Opportunities to optimize the installation of RES plants integrated into port infrastructure, reducing the impact of the solutions adopted and occupied surfaces

Synergies

The use of RES, in addition to contributing to the production of on-site power supplies for power supplies, can help to power recharge systems for electric or hybrid vehicles while also supporting the concept of distributed generation.

In order to optimize energy efficiency in its entirety (stationary, transport and energy infrastructure requirements), the integration of RES, technologies related to electric and / or hybrid mobility and infrastructures, which together make it possible to realize multiple efficiency interventions with positive and transverse effects on the entire port area.

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